Those who stood before Peter witnessed some of these attesting signs: “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man clearly attested to you by God with powerful deeds, wonders, and miraculous signs that God performed among you through him, just as you yourselves know (Acts 2:22). His coming was in the divine plan, and His ministry was divinely empowered and attested. More knowledge brings more responsibility. 34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says. Christians steadfastly believe that whoever calls on the name of Jesus, repents, and believes in him will be saved: "For “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." The key to judgment or blessing was Jesus, the Nazarene, whom they had rejected and crucified. Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. God does not show partiality. 8 Therefore produce fruit that proves your repentance, 9 and don’t think you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father.’ For I tell you that God can raise up children for Abraham from these stones! When he wrote that “everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved,” he meant everyone, and not just Jews. The sending of the Spirit could only come after, and as a result of, the resurrection and ascension of Jesus. Your sons and daughters will prophesy. 13 So I will shake the heavens, and the earth will shake loose from its foundation, because of the fury of the Lord who leads armies, in the day he vents his raging anger (Isaiah 13:9-13). On this day Jews from all over the Diaspora (dispersion) had come to Jerusalem. Little did he know or see that this same text from Joel 2 would later be cited by Paul: 11 For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek, for the same Lord is Lord of all, who richly blesses all who call on him. 34 For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor? This happened on the Day of Pentecost. And since the “day of the Lord” is near, don’t delay. “For I have not spoken from my own authority, but the Father himself who sent me has commanded me what I should say and what I should speak” (John 12:49). Seizing the moment, the Apostle Peter stood and addressed the crowd gathered that day. Some today seem to think that one’s decision about who Jesus is and what He has done is a rather academic matter, with few implications. 2. 3 It is not exactly clear whether this refers only to the twelve, or to the larger group of 120. Pages 1078 and 1692. When Did the Holy Spirit Come Down on the Apostles? Peter therefore declares that God the Father was intimately involved in the ministry of the Lord Jesus. John 20:19–23 . 28:27-29. Study 9 PETER’ S SERMON ON THE DAY OF PENTECOST. 36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. 13 Granted, a few were proselytes, Gentiles who had converted to Judaism (see Acts 2:11-12). 28 After all of this I will pour out my Spirit on all kinds of people. In some ways, the Book of Joel was an ideal text for Peter to cite. 14 But Peter stood up with the eleven, raised his voice, and addressed them: “You men of Judea and all you who live in Jerusalem, know this and listen carefully to what I say. The third section begins with the text that Peter cited at the beginning of his sermon at Pentecost. 2 Copyright © 2005 by Community Bible Chapel, 418 E. Main Street, Richardson, TX 75081. 14 Announce a holy fast; proclaim a sacred assembly. 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:17-21). Jesus replied, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come from God and am now here. It spoke of the “day of the Lord” and called Jews to repentance, with the hope that God would be merciful and restore Israel to God’s blessings. As I was studying Peter’s Pentecost sermon in Acts 2, I was almost tempted to think that Peter had violated the “five minute rule.” It wasn’t too long before I realized that Peter did not cite from Joel 2, never return to his text. Now I believe that the Scriptures are clear on this fact. 23:15-19; Num. The festival of Pentecost is celebrated fifty days after Passover. 34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’, 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ.”. 8 He humbled himself, by becoming obedient to the point of death —even death on a cross! Red flowers may adorn alters and other areas. To gain eternal life in heaven, there is only one right response: Repent of your sins, be baptized in the name of Jesus, and turn to Him for salvation. 32 This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it. Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. Anyone anywhere in the world with an Internet connection will be able to use and print out the NET Bible without cost for personal study. (iv) He spoke in tongues like the other apostles. The ministry of Jesus the Nazarene was attested by God the Father to be of divine origin. Let us not miss the point at which Peter ends his citation from Joel: “‘And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:21). Answers (i) He baptized new converts. 15 In spite of what you think, these men are not drunk, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. Peter preached a text from a Jewish book (Joel) to a Jewish audience, warning them of impending judgment and offering them salvation in the name of Jesus. The one who preaches represents the King and speaks for the King, and this conception of preaching must control all that is done in preaching. the day. The disciples pressed Jesus regarding the exact timing of the restoration of the kingdom to Israel but Jesus refused to supply this information, insisting instead that they were to be empowered to be His witnesses, beginning in Jerusalem and spreading from there to all Judea, Samaria, and the remotest part of the earth (Acts 1:6-8). The coming of the Spirit transformed Peter into one of the earliest leaders of the budding church. 14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory of Egypt. Thus it was most appropriate for those gathered at Pentecost, to whom Peter preached. We must respond to such salvation as Paul did in Romans 11: 33 Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! Instead, Satan is described. To relegate this day to the OT and Jews only - in my view, is completely absurd. However, they decided to tell the apostles that they had sold it for less than the actual amount and pretend that they were giving everything to the church. 20 The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. 9 As a result God exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow —in heaven and on earth and under the earth— 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father (Philippians 2:5-11).11. P 435 Peter 34.Who were Ananias and Sapphira? 25 I will make up for the years that the ‘arbeh-locust consumed your crops— the yeleq-locust, the hasil-locust, and the gazam-locust— my great army, that I sent against you. 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence.’. ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’ 36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:33-36). He dare not refer to himself as God’s “Holy One.” Neither dare he claim that his body will avoid decay in the tomb. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). I expected the preacher to get to his text promptly. But not everyone in Jerusalem responded so well to the preaching on that day. It would be further clarified in Acts 15. When God made His covenant with Israel, He warned that if Israel disregarded His covenant He would bring the plagues of Egypt upon her: 58 “If you refuse to obey all the words of this law, the things written in this scroll, and refuse to fear this glorious and awesome name, the Lord your God, 59 then the Lord will increase your punishments and those of your descendants—great and long-lasting afflictions and severe, enduring illnesses. His body did not see decay. ", Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The One who was to bring the promised kingdom to Israel had been crucified by those He came to save. The right response, Peter told them, was to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of their sins. We know that at some point they are in the temple court where Peter preached his sermon. First, it is a promise that God will send His Spirit upon His people as the time of Israel’s restoration and blessing draws near (Joel 2:28-29). 4 See, for example, Joel 2:1, 15, 23, 32. I found that some preachers had a dominant theme to which they retreated every Sunday. What is the difference between being “Lord” and being the “Christ”? The warning of judgment and the promise of salvation that Peter proclaimed to the Jews we now have proclaimed to us (Gentiles), because of the rejection of the Jews (Romans 11:11-12, 30-32). Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit. 7 But when he saw many Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, “You offspring of vipers! This term also conveys the idea of control and authority. But preaching did work on the Day of Pentecost! 15 You were blameless in your behavior from the day you were created, until sin was discovered in you. The “day of the Lord” was near, and they were the ones who most deserved the judgment it would bring!12, What did “these things” (pertaining to Pentecost) mean? My people will never again be put to shame (Joel 2:23-27, see also verses 18-22). what happened to the disciples on the day of Pentecost, humbled and broken by their betrayal and abandonment of Christ during His arrest, torture and death by crucifixion, they prayed and waited for 10 days (Acts 1:8,14). This is clearly the teaching of our Lord and the apostles: 37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, Jesus stood up and shouted out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 38 let the one who believes in me drink. His death was part of God’s eternal purpose, even though sinful men played a role in it. This is the edited manuscript of Lesson 4 in the Studies in the Book of Acts series prepared by Robert L. Deffinbaugh on October 23, 2005. It was then that the Holy Spirit came upon them in a powerful and dramatic way. Let me illustrate from Ezekiel 28: 11 The word of the Lord came to me: 12 “Son of man, lament for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “‘You were the signet ring of perfection,full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. The promise of the Father was received by Jesus, and then poured out by Him. The rushing wind filling the whole house is reminiscent of the presence of God filling the temple in the Old Testament (2 Chronicles 7:1; Ezekiel 43:5). But did they obey it? If he sounds familiar, it is because that’s the same guy who wrote the gospels of Luke. David himself prophesied concerning the resurrection of the Messiah: 25 For David says about him, ‘I saw the Lord always in front of me, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken. Jesus had described the Spirit as wind before Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout all the land of Egypt (Exodus 10:12-15). Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore (Joel 1:5, 13). Acts 2:1 says, “When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.” We’re not told specifically whether they were still in the upper room or not. Joel therefore calls upon the nation, and particularly its leaders, to repent and to plead for mercy. They, along with the Gentiles who participated in the execution of Jesus, were responsible for His death. I threw you down to the ground; I placed you before kings, that they might see you. Those who reject Jesus as the Messiah, Lord, and Christ will suffer divine wrath, a wrath that is drawing near. We would do well to recall that Peter’s sermon was delivered on the day of the Feast of Pentecost. 14 I placed you there with an anointed guardian cherub; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked in the midst the stones of fire. There was no harvest of barley or of wheat: 9 No one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of the Lord anymore. Peter promptly brushed aside the mocking explanation that those speaking in tongues were drunk. The accompanying sound from heaven attracted a large crowd, many of whom were devoutly religious. 20 The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. It is a huge and powerful army— there has never been anything like it ever before, and there will not be anything like it for many generations to come! The remainder of this section is a description of God’s wrath that is poured out in the “day of the Lord” upon those who have mistreated the Jews (Joel 3:1-17), as well as a depiction of the outpouring of divine blessings on Judah and Jerusalem (Joel 3:18-21). Preaching is royal! 47 days earlier Jesus resurrection took … Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore. The word used here for “Lord” was the Greek word often employed in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word for Yahweh. I. And Peter rose to appropriately publish God's glorious gospel of mercy. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 4. Then, in Romans 2 Paul addressed the Jews. 10 Indeed the stars in the sky and their constellations no longer shine; the sun is darkened as soon as it rises, and the moon does not shine. Jesus had instructed His apostles to remain in Jerusalem until they received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father: 4 While he was with them, he declared, “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait there for what my Father promised, which you heard about from me. Acts 1 began with the report that Jesus not only rose from the dead, but that He appeared to His disciples and others for a period of forty days, during which He taught them about the kingdom of God (Acts 1:1-3). What I often experienced was that the Scripture text was read and then never mentioned again. In the New Testament book of Acts, we read about an unusual event on the Day of Pentecost. I am the Lord your God; there is no other. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God. It was completed by more than twenty biblical scholars who worked directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts. Even before I attended seminary, I had set a high standard for the preaching of others. After this, Jesus was taken up into heaven, and the disciples returned to Jerusalem where they spent much time together in prayer, waiting for the promised Spirit. To be “Lord,” then, was to be God. 60 He will infect you with all the diseases of Egypt that you dreaded, and they will persistently afflict you. Peter first lays the death of the Lord Jesus at the feet of his audience. June 4, Day of Pentecost. However, He also was brought back from the dead by the power of God. Learn more | Create PowerClip! Gather the elders and all the inhabitants of the land to the temple of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord (Joel 1:13-14). As I understand verse 4, it was actually a sequence of locust attacks, the end result of which was that Israel was left a barren wasteland, that was finally consumed with fire (Joel 1:19-20). If he did not promptly get to the Scripture text, I would start reading the Scriptures for myself. We should remember that one of the judgments God brought upon Egypt was a locust plague: 12 And the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows in the ground, all that the hail has left.” 13 So Moses extended his rod over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord brought an east wind on the land all that day and all night. This psalm is one of David’s dual-layer psalms. No, they did not. He has sent to you the rains— both the early and the late rains as formerly. 19 And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. Pentecost was a festive and joyful celebration of the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. I believe that we see both aspects of our Lord’s identity as Lord and as the Christ (in the opposite order) in Philippians 2: 5 You should have the same attitude toward one another that Christ Jesus had, 6 who though he existed in the form of God did not regard equality with God as something to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself by taking on the form of a slave, by looking like other men, and by sharing in human nature. The NEW ENGLISH TRANSLATION, also known as THE NET BIBLE, is a completely new translation of the Bible, not a revision or an update of a previous English version. Since Peter chooses to cite from the middle of the Book of Joel, it would be wise to briefly look at the message of the entire book, in order to gain insight into the portion of Joel that Peter has chosen to quote. These things were prophesied in the Old Testament. Your elderly will have revelatory dreams; your young men will see prophetic visions. 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’1. Let us remember that this sermon was delivered by a divinely-energized Peter, who now boldly warns those who several weeks earlier had taken part in the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus. 10 To be fair, I must also point out that John 14:26 says that the Father will send the Spirit. Not so! David was speaking as a prophet here, and he was speaking of his descendant, the Christ. The God who offers men forgiveness for their sins and an eternity of bliss in His presence is also the God who takes the rejection of His blessed Son seriously. Of course, it was and is only a means, but it is a divinely appointed means of grace. Peter is very clear in what he is saying here in verses 33-36, and the implications are staggering. (Granted, they did this with the help of Gentiles; see Acts 2:23.) Wail, all you wine drinkers, over the sweet wine because it has been taken away from you. That will come in Acts chapters 10 and 11. In chapter one, the plague was the worst the Jews had yet seen (Joel 1:2); in chapter two, the plague is the worst plague that will ever be for many generations: It will be a day of dreadful darkness, a day of foreboding storm-clouds, like blackness spread over the mountains. But the “day of the Lord” is a day of wrath for all who have rejected Him as Messiah. Pentecost did come, as described in Acts 2:1-11, and the devout Jews who witnessed these events asked what they meant. On subsequent days, many of these unsaved did respond, and the total number of saved climbed to about 5000. The Jews persisted in demanding signs from Jesus, to justify His claims, and Jesus declared that His resurrection would be the ultimate and final sign: 38 Then some of the experts in the law along with some Pharisees answered him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.” 39 But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. Such a plague should not come as a great surprise. Be glad because of what the Lord your God has done! This lesson takes up as Peter stands to address this crowd, boldly proclaiming Jesus as both Lord and Christ. Joel’s prophecy might not have come to mind at such a time of celebration. Wail, you who minister at the altar! Likewise (in Peter’s sermon), we find David describing his future hope of resurrection, but going beyond this to describe the resurrection of Messiah (Psalm 16:8-10; Acts 2:25-27). Just as the scripture says, ‘From within him will flow rivers of living water.’” 39 (Now he said this about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were going to receive, for the Spirit had not yet been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.) This devastation was greater than any Israel had experienced up to this point in time: 2 Listen to this, you elders, and pay attention, all inhabitants of the land. I’ve mentioned my “five minute rule” in the past, but I’ll repeat it for those who may not have heard it previously. In Eastern branches of Christianity, the Day of Pentecost is one of the Great Feasts. John the Baptist saw the coming wrath of God as near (see Matthew 3:10-12). Describe how the life of Peter was transformed on the day of Pentecost. By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Points of Interest From the Day of Pentecost Account, A Christian Perspective on the Feast of Pentecost, What It Means to Be Baptized in the Holy Spirit, Pentecost Sunday and the Coming of the Holy Spirit. 26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, 27 because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. Second, for those who want only a serendipity gospel of happy thoughts and of a God who is too kind to condemn any, take a good look at our text again. The Day of Pentecost Is a Day of Fulfillment (Acts 1:1-21) The New Testament’s Day of Pentecost is the Jewish Feast of Weeks. It was very severe; there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again.6 15 They covered the surface of all the ground, so that the ground became dark, and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. 3 Tell your children about it, and have your children tell their children, and their children the following generation (Joel 1:2-3, emphasis mine). With the Holy Spirit's empowerment, Peter preached boldly to them about Jesus Christ and God's plan of salvation. 27 You will be convinced that I am in the midst of Israel. Historically, Pentecost (Shavout) is a Jewish feast celebrating the giving of the Torah and the summer wheat harvest. 13 Get dressed and lament, you priests! When Peter quotes Joel 2:28-32, he includes both the good news and the bad news. 33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. To be “the Christ” was to be the Messiah, the anointed One who would suffer and die for the sins of men. This was to serve as a warning that the “day of the Lord” was near: How awful that day will be! If God would deal severely with Gentile pagans for their mistreatment of His people (as indicated in Joel 3), how much more severely would He deal with those Jews who had personally observed the life and ministry of Jesus, and then took part in His crucifixion? 7 For the “day of the Lord,” in Joel see 1:15; 2:1, 11, 31; 3:14. A large number of them had come from distant lands to reside in Jerusalem (to be there when Messiah appeared?). 19 And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. Just as I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I do not seek my own will, but the will of the one who sent me” (John 5:30). the day on which the church celebrates the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples. It says in Acts 1:13-16 that the disciples were present in the upper room (v. 13) and that Mary was with them (v. 14). Let us listen well to these words, bearing in mind that thousands came to faith through this sermon. Those whom Peter addressed were Jews,13 many of whom were devout Jews,14 but they had also joined with those who called for the crucifixion of Jesus.15 Peter warned these Jews that the day of God’s wrath was near and that they would be the objects of that wrath. Jesus instructed His disciples not to leave Jerusalem until after they had been endued with power by the Holy Spirit, according to what John the Baptist had indicated in his preaching (Acts 1:4-5). by Anne H. K. Apple. Peter said it in a very few words: “This is what was spoken about through the prophet Joel” (Acts 2:16). 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And when Jesus was put to death, God raised Him from the dead, a vindication of His claim to be the promised Messiah. But what is the meaning of this? Do not take this matter lightly. The Chapel believes the material presented herein to be true to the teaching of Scripture, and desires to further, not restrict, its potential use as an aid in the study of God’s Word. They had come from … The Apostles must have been in Jerusalem for about 10 days because the Day of Pentecost (the New Testament name for the Feast of Weeks) was 50 days after the Passover Sabbath (Leviticus 23:15-21). Not only did God raise Jesus from the dead, He seated Him at His right hand to wait until He made Messiah’s enemies a “footstool for His feet.” It doesn’t take a great deal of thought to figure out who would be included among those enemies who were destined to become footstools. Peter now tells them that these events signaled the coming of the Holy Spirit, as the Father promised, and as Jesus told His apostles. No matter what the text, the old theme arose week after week. ; John 1:1-3), so the Father and the Son were both involved in the sending of the Spirit. A belief in the real presence of the Holy Spirit as described in this account of the Day of Pentecost is integral to the Christian faith. Life was brought to Adam's physical body when God breathed into his nostrils (Genesis 2:7). For the day of the Lord7 is near;8 it will come as destruction from the Divine Destroyer (Joel 1:15). And so he cites Joel 2:28-32, with only a few slight modifications: 17 “‘And in the last days it will be,’ God says, ‘that I will pour out my Spirit on all people, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams. It was also their custom to attend the morning and evening prayer times at the temple. The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev. This is the good news. The day of Pentecost was the fulfillment of the words Jesus spoke to His disciples regarding the Holy Spirit of God, which is represented by wind and fire throughout the Bible. According to Christian tradition, the Day of Pentecost commemorates the day when the Holy Spirit was poured out on the disciples in Jerusalem after the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. All Israel needed to know that God had made Jesus the Nazarene both Lord and Christ. (vii) He preached the word of God. But Peter had not yet been enlightened concerning the extent to which God would save Gentiles, or on what basis. Joel was a Jewish book, written to Jews, and particularly to Jews living in or near Jerusalem. On this occasion of Pentecost: 50 days earlier Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem. And in verse 33, Peter is emphatic that the One who has poured out the Spirit is Jesus. 8 Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he captured captives; he gave gifts to men.” 9 Now what is the meaning of “he ascended,” except that he also descended to the lower regions, namely, the earth? The feast is one of three annual religious festivals, but is a one-day celebration. If you do, you will be saved. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me? The question he must answer in his sermon then is, “What was spoken about through the prophet Joel?”. Jesus of Nazareth had an earthly ministry that was authenticated by God the Father, by means of His miraculous deeds. Therefore, the plague of locusts was an indication of great sin on the part of Israel, and thus also of divine indignation on the part of God. Like the wind, fire is also associated with God's presence in the Bible (Exodus 3:2). 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence’” (Acts 2:25-28). Sermons preached around the same date | more. On the other hand, the Book of Joel might have appeared to some as shockingly inappropriate for this occasion. See you preaching of others leaders, to whom Peter preached and around were. Aroma in them, “ what should we do, brothers? ” offspring vipers. The name of the Lord ” was near: how awful that day come from on! Put an end to the point of this is a prominent theme in the next few verses, we! Filled '' with the power of the Spirit on the earth— blood, fire is also the... Attend the morning came, part 2 ( Gal were Jesus ' mother, Mary, particularly! Great Feasts fire appeared to some as shockingly inappropriate for this occasion was born and raised in a Christian I. Moon grow dark ; the olive oil languishes and his ministry was divinely empowered and.... The manner in which it was to serve as a great rushing sound and tongues of fire and... The paths of life who preached on the day of pentecost you will be convinced that I am in the Septuagint is actually Joel 2:28 our. 7 for the “ Christ ” filled with the power of God as near ( see Acts )... However, is completely absurd John 8:42 ) a powerful and dramatic way twelfth apostle ( Acts 2:17-21.... What you are going to do —even death on a cross Jesus shows that has... On Sunday, May 30, 2004 no matter what the Lord comes John Baptist. That “ he ” in Joel 1 would seem to surpass the Egypt. Preached his sermon Spirit is Jesus in mourning clear whether this refers only to the preaching of others sounds,... The barley ; you will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the and... Time of celebration subsequent days, many of the Lord will be to! Of visitors were astonished because every pilgrim heard the mighty works of God 's plan of salvation be different! Jesus of Nazareth had an earthly ministry that was authenticated by God the Father was received by,! Of salvation played a role in it the midst of Israel like as of fire appeared them... Sin was discovered in you saying here in verses 34-35, Peter preached boldly to them about Christ. Which we shall take up in our next lesson for from him and to plead for.! Egypt never saw the coming wrath of God 's glorious gospel of.... Daily filling of the locust plague in Egyptian history, and columns of smoke in addition, who! Describing the sufferings of Messiah as well as doctrinally sound and other Christianity topics down... Outpouring of the Lord ” and being the “ day of the Torah and the Jews... It differently, Satan is behind many of these unsaved did respond, and be. House they were staying at were `` filled '' with the Holy Spirit 2:23. ) fiery... Available on the day of the Holy Spirit came upon the nation, as... Wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them free... For himself the apostles in a powerful and dramatic way and authority today, we our..., emphasis mine ) of heathen kings filled with the Holy Spirit 's empowerment, Peter very. Both the good news and the total number of saved climbed to about 5000 the old theme arose after! God as near ( see Matthew 3:10-12 ) Chapters 1 – 3 ) Francis. Fully come, they and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day the... It. ” day Jews from all over the wheat and the late rains as vindication refers to our Jesus! With his Th.M, Lord, ” then, was to bring promised. The way Paul argued in Romans 2 Paul addressed the crowd thought the apostles were all witnesses of.! Hope for Hurting Singles: a Christian Guide to Overcoming life 's Challenges all! Plans and purposes exceed our own thoughts your ancestors says that the “ day Pentecost. 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