If using Splunk: Ensure all key systems and services are logging to Splunk and that verbosity is appropriately set. The group policy object below controls which registry paths are available remotely: This object should be set to allow access only to: Further restrictions on the registry paths and subpaths that are remotely accessible can be configured with the group policy object: Anti-spyware software is only required to be installed if the server is used to browse Web sites not specifically related to the administration of the server, which is not recommended. ITS also maintains a centrally-managed Splunk service that may be leveraged. The action pane is similar to all other Microsoft products and allows you take certain actions as necessary. Instead of the CIS recommended values, the account lockout policy should be configured as follows: Any account with this role is permitted to log in to the console. ITS provides anti-spyware software for no additional charge. A step-by-step checklist to secure Microsoft Windows Server: Download Latest CIS Benchmark. Using the STIG templates. As stated in the introduction, the document is intended to provide an approach to using security templates and group polices to secure Windows 2000 servers. (Default). Once you have tested your INF Security Templates you can then deploy them using Group Policy or PowerShell. The best hardening process follows information security best practices end to end, from hardening the operating system itself to application and database hardening. If RDP is utilized, set RDP connection encryption level to high. The server that is authoritative for the credentials must have this audit policy enabled. ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. The Analyzing System Security windows will appear. Properly implementing server security and group policies is no exception. We also recommend the installation of a secondary anti-spyware application, such as SpyWare Blaster, EMS Free Surfer, or AdAware. The Information Security Office (ISO) has distilled the CIS lists down to the most critical steps for your systems, with a focus on issues unique to the computing environment at The University of Texas at Austin. (Default). 2. Adding the task to update automatically is relatively straightforward. to the campus VPN. Once importing settings into the SCM Console you are able to generate changes and create Group Policy Security Templates that you can then apply to your Domain or Local Group Policy. To add specific permissions (hardening) to Registry hives/keys, you must right-click the “Registry” setting and select “Add Key”. Der HTML Bericht liegt als Vorlage zusätzlich dabei ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. Server Hardening Policy. This allows administrators to manage registry-based policy settings. However, Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP don't use Secedit.exe to refresh GPOs, so the tool is now used almost solely for deploying security templates. Click Settings on the left hand side of the window. With this knowledge you are able to view their recommendations, thus improving your system hardening. These assets must be protected from both security and performance related risks. Configuring the password complexity setting is important only if another method of ensuring compliance with, It is highly recommended that logs are shipped from any Confidential cdevices to a service like, Configure user rights to be as secure as possible, following the recommendations in section 2.2 of the CIS benchmark. Windows comes with BitLocker for this. Your network boundaries, firewalls, VPNs, mobile computers, desktops, servers, domain controllers, etc., all In Registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest, set “UseLogonCredential” to 0.3. It includes updates for additional Microsoft products, just like Microsoft Update, and provides additional administrative control for software deployment. Open Local Group Policy Editor with gpedit.msc and configure the GPO based on CIS Benchmark. Windows Server 2016. NOTE: Do not select "Configure Computer Now…"; this will import the settings in the "Analyze Only" template to the system’s local policy and cannot be undone automatically). The Windows Server 2016 Security Technical Implementation Guide (STIG) is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. Update Active Directory functional level to 2012 R2 or higher.2. When installing SCM 3.o (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/cc835245.aspx) you will need to have SQL Express installed, which the application takes care if you don’t have it currently installed. Logon information for domain accounts can be cached locally to allow users who have previously authenticated to do so again even if a domain controller cannot be contacted. Configure anti-spyware software to update daily. Copyright © 2006-20, Information Security Office. Configure Space tools. Configure Microsoft Network Server to always digitally sign communications. If remote registry access is required, the remotely accessible registry paths should still be configured to be as restrictive as possible. You can audit in much more in depth using Tripwire; consider this for your highest-risk systems. Finalization. Select "OK". If a Windows 2000 server with restrict anonymous set to 2 wins the election, your browsing will not function properly. In the Scheduled Task window that pops up, enter the following In the Run field: C:\Program Files\Spybot - Search & Destroy\SpybotSD.exe" /AUTOUPDATE /TASKBARHIDE /AUTOCLOSE. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. In addition to SCM, you can build your own by using the standard MMC console and adding the Security Templates Snap-In to the console – this gives you a more refined configuration, but can be cumbersome. Note: I added the telnet-client and SMB1 Windows Features to make sure that these are disabled as part of the hardening and you can easily add anything else as suited to your requirements. The Account Logon audit policy logs the results of validation tests of credentials submitted for user account logon requests. When you create these Security Templates, then you know that every (IIS, DC, Hyper-V) server has a very specific configuration from the beginning, thus ensuring that all of your configurations are the same across the entire domain/forest/network. Unless the server is in the UDC or a managed VM cluster, set a BIOS/firmware password to prevent alterations in system start up settings. TIP The Secedit.exe command-line tool is commonly used in a startup script to ensure that … Servers in their many forms (file, print, application, web, and database) are used by the organization to supply critical information for staff. Disable Local System NULL session fallback. It’s your job to figure out how to make them safe, and it’s going to take work on your part. (Default). Open the Display Properties control panel. ( Log Out / ( Log Out / Security can be provided by means such as, but not limited to, encryption, access controls, filesystem audits, physically securing the storage media, or any combination thereof as deemed appropriate. There is setting like minimum security etc. Download LGPO.zip & LAPS x64.msi and export it to C:\CIS. Other options such as PGP and GNUPG also exist. Once doing so, you should see tons of settings that apply to that configuration (this is similar to Group Policy Objects) and if you select one of these “GPOish” settings you will see further detail. Disallow remote registry access if not required. Microsoft is dedicated to providing its customers with secure operating systems, such as Windows 10 and Windows Server, and secure apps, such as Microsoft Edge. There are several methods available to assist you in applying patches in a timely fashion: Windows AutoUpdate via WSUS ITS offers a Windows Server Update Services Server for campus use using Microsoft's own update servers. Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer This is a free host-based application that is available to download from Microsoft. In diesem Paket findet ihr die Einstellungen für den Import der benötigten Einstellungen. You have several different options within this “Security Template”, and each has a very specific purpose. Still worth a look-see, though. Where can I download this template? Export the configured GPO to C:\Temp. Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by CIS. Add Roles and Features Wizard, Network Policy and Access Services Start Installation Manage > Network Policy Server Create New Radius Client Configuring Radius Server for 802.1X Wireless or Wired Connections Configuring profile name, Configure an Authentication Method, choose Microsoft: Protected EAP (PEAP) Leave the Groups column empty and click next until finish. Install and enable anti-spyware software. The MS15-014 update addresses an issue in Group Policy update which can be used to disable client-side global SMB Signing requirements, bypassing an existing security feature built into the product. (Default), Digitally sign secure channel data (when possible). On an IIS server, you DO NOT need most of these services running – this leads to unwanted configurations and possibility of exploitation. Microsoft Update includes updates for many more Microsoft products, such as Office and Forefront Client Security. Once they are downloaded, you should see more options in the first pane (Microsoft Baselines). Require the "Classic" sharing and security model for local accounts. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Not necessarily for a particular operating system, but more generalized for any Windows workstation. (Default). The Information Resources Use and Security Policy requires passwords be a minimum of 8 characters in length. Configure Windows Firewall to restrict remote access services (VNC, RDP, etc.) Change ), http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/solutionaccelerators/cc835245.aspx, Protected: Butcher Block & Iron Pipe Desk, Verifying a [DATETIME] format string is valid or not with Confirm-DateTimeFormatPattern, Create Group Policy ADM and ADMX templates, Using PowerShell to manage Amazon EC2 instances, Click on “Download Microsoft baselines automatically”, Next select Windows 8.1 (expand the arrow), Next, select “Windows 8.1 Computer Security Compliance 1.0”, You should see tons of options in the center pane – select the very first option (Interactive Logon: Machine account lockout threshold). An additional measure that can be taken is to install Firefox with the NoScript and uBlock add-ons. Diese Vorlage schränkt Windows Server hinsichtlich überflüssiger Funktionen ein und machen es sicherer für den Betrieb in einem Unternehmen. The general steps followed are: 1. Windows has a feature called Windows Resource Protection that automatically checks certain key files and replaces them if they become corrupted. Today we are releasing MS15-011 & MS15-014 which harden group policy and address network access vulnerabilities that can be used to achieve remote code execution (RCE) in domain networks. In addition to the security assurance of its products, Microsoft also enables you to have fine control over your environments by providing various configuration capabilities. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Monthly plans include linux server hardening, 24x7 Monitoring + Ticket Response with the fastest response time guaranteed. Windows Server 2016 includes major security innovations that can help protect privileged identity, make it harder for attackers to breach your servers, and detect attacks so that you can respond faster. Sometimes a red team exercise, where the consultant turns up with ninja gear, lock picks and grappling hooks isn’t what you need in a security assessment. This download includes the Administrative templates released for Windows 10 (1607) and Windows Server 2016, in the following languages: cs-CZ Czech - Czech Republic In the Spybot Application, click on Mode --> Advanced View. Splunk licenses are available through ITS at no charge. Server Hardening Policy. Require Ctrl+Alt+Del for interactive logins. This is powerful technology, and all that’s missing is guidance on how to best deploy and use Windows Server 2016 to protect your server workloads. Enable automatic notification of patch availability. Do not allow any named pipes to be accessed anonymously. The Security Configuration Wizard can greatly simplify the hardening of the server. Enter a name and path for the log file (e.g., "C:\Test\STIG.log"). Be aware of the caveats involved in the use of EFS before implementing it for general use, though. The Server Hardening Policy applies to all individuals that are responsible for the installation of Configure Microsoft Network Client to always digitally sign communications. Install the latest service packs and hotfixes from Microsoft. By default, this includes users in the Administrators, Users, and Backup Operators groups. Enter your Windows Server 2016/2012/2008/2003 license key. Configure the number of previous logons to cache. (Default). Configure Microsoft Network Server to digitally sign communications if client agrees. You may increase the number of days that you keep, or you may set the log files to not overwrite events. The first is the list of all variations of configurations by Microsoft (note the “Other Baselines” at the bottom). (Default). The ability to compare your current Group Policy settings makes SCM the ideal tool to identify security threats to your organization. The text of the university's official warning banner can be found on the ISO Web site. Deny guest accounts the ability to logon as a service, a batch job, locally, or via RDP. Restrict local logon access to Administrators. Windows Security Server Hardening Security Templates 2018-08-07 Josh Rickard Hardening your systems (Servers, Workstations, Applications, etc.) This configuration is disabled by default.For further password protections:1. The Tripwire management console can be very helpful for managing more complex installations. Disable the sending of unencrypted passwords to third party SMB servers. Configure anti-virus software to update daily. Once the application is running you will see three main content windows. This is the first part of a multi part series looking at the settings within Windows Server that are looked at as part of a standard build review. Select a screen saver from the list. (Default). ensures that every system is secured in accordance to your organizations standards. It is enabled by default. To Do - Basic instructions on what to do to harden the respective system CIS - Reference number in the Center for Internet Security Windows Server 2016 Benchmark v1.0.0. Set the system date/time and configure it to synchronize against campus time servers. Ensure Splunk alerts are in place for (1) root-level GPO creation, (2) Domain Administrator account activity occurring outside of PAWS workstations, (3) GPO created by Domain Administrators. For domain member machines, this policy will only log events for local user accounts. To the extent this policy conflicts with existing University policy, the existing policy is superseded by this policy. By default 10 accounts will be cached locally, but there is a risk that in the event of a compromise an attacker could locate the cached credentials and use a brute force attack to discover the passwords. Either way, creating a standard “Golden” image with a predefined Security Template will reduce errors by busy SysAdmins as well as ensuring that every system has the appropriate configurations applied without “admin” interaction. Other - For systems that include Controlled or Published data, all steps are recommended, and some are required (denoted by the !). (Default), Digitally encrypt secure channel data (when possible). Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts and shares. Just like in previous version of Windows, some of the requirements in the Windows 10 STIG depend on the use of additional group policy administrative templates that are not included with Windows by default. Configuring the minimum password length settings is important only if another method of ensuring compliance with university password standards is not in place. For systems the present the highest risk, complete, Volumes formatted as FAT or FAT32 can be converted to NTFS, by using the convert.exe utility provided by Microsoft. ". The ISO uses this checklist during risk assessments as part of the process to verify server security. LGPO.exe can import and apply settings from Registry Policy (Registry.pol) files, security templates, Advanced Auditing backup files, as well as from formatted “LGPO text” files. By enabling the legacy audit facilities outlined in this section, it is probable that the performance of the system may be reduced and that the security … Next, select the baseline “root” that you want to examine and then select a specific configuration section within that baseline. (Default), Do not allow anonymous enumeration of SAM accounts. Another example of “Security Templates” settings is the “Registry” setting. Configure machine inactivity limit to protect idle interactive sessions. Print the checklist and check off each item you complete to ensure that you cover the critical steps for securing your server. Configure Event Log retention method and size. Do not grant any users the 'act as part of the operating system' right. Configure Account Management audit policy. If other alternatives are unavailable, this can be accomplished by installing a SOHO router/firewall in between the network and the host to be protected. ( Log Out / For example, the “System Services” section is used to enable or disable specific services that are set automatically by your default image (or Microsoft). Microsoft has a "Solution Accelerator" called Security Compliance Manager that allows System Administrators or IT Pro's to create security templates that help harden their systems in a manageable, repeatable, way. Digitally encrypt or sign secure channel data (always). Ensure all volumes are using the NTFS file system. In addition to detailing missing patches, this tool also performs checks on basic security settings and provides information on remediating any issues found. It is strongly recommended that passwords be at least 14 characters in length (which is also the recommendation of CIS). (Default). Step - The step number in the procedure. Note: The Scripts is also hosted on my Github repository. With Security Compliance Manager you are able to view Microsoft’s (along with experts in the field) recommended security baseline configurations. Disable anonymous SID/Name translation. Overview. Although there are several available, consider using a simple one such as "Blank. These are minimum requirements. Set client connection encryption level — High, Require use of specific security layer for remote (RDP) connections — SSL (TLS 1.0), Require user authentication for remote connections by using Network Level Authentication — Enabled. Do not store passwords using reversible encryption. Note that if the event log reaches its maximum size and no events older than the number of days you specified exist to be deleted, or if you have disabled overwriting of events, no new events will be logged. Configure Automatic Updates from the Automatic Updates control panel. Do not allow any shares to be accessed anonymously. SAM, HARDWARE, SYSTEM, SECURITY, SOFTWARE, Etc.). Josh's primary focus is in Windows security and PowerShell automation. Set LAN Manager authentication level to only allow NTLMv2 and refuse LM and NTLM. This may happen deliberately as an attempt by an attacker to cover his tracks. All steps are recommended. Windows, Linux, and other operating systems don’t come pre-hardened. Creating the security template Windows has a feature called Windows Resource Protection which automatically checks certain key files and replaces them if they become corrupted. The CIS document outlines in much greater detail how to complete each step. This allows administrators to manage registry-based policy settings. Windows Server 2016 Hardening Checklist The hardening checklists are based on the comprehensive checklists produced by the Center for Internet Security (CIS). Windows Server 2008 has detailed audit facilities that allow administrators to tune their audit policy with greater specificity. Do you see the option underneath this setting (when selected) that says “Setting Details” – select this now. When doing this, it will add it to your “Other Baselines” option at the bottom of the left-side pane (Don’t do this now). For critical services working with Confidential or other sensitive data, use Syslog, Splunk, Intrust, or a similar service to ship logs to another device. Ensure scheduled tasks are run with a dedicated Service account and not a Domain Administrator account. All rights reserved. My boss ask me to harden a server I heard from my boss that I need to download microsoft security template and import that template into the server. Hey All, Does anyone have a good checklist for hardening a workstation? If this option is enabled, the system will store passwords using a weak form of encryption that is susceptible to compromise. Group Policy tools use Administrative template files to populate policy settings in the user interface. In the center pane you are greeted by the “Welcome Screen” – the first step I always do when installing SCM is to click on “Download Microsoft baselines automatically”. I am new to server hardening. The further your logs go back, the easier it will be to respond in the event of a breach. Using INF Security Templates can greatly reduce unwanted configurations of systems/services/applications, but you must understand and test these configurations before deploying them. UT Austin Disaster Recovery Planning (UT Ready), Acceptable Use Acknowledgement Form (for staff/faculty), Information Resources Use and Security Policy, Acceptable Use Policy for University Employees, Acceptable Use Policy for University Students, Policies, Standards, and Guidelines Continued, Windows Server Update Services Server for campus use. (Default), Configure the Windows Firewall in all profiles to block inbound traffic by default. Restrict the ability to access this computer from the network to Administrators and Authenticated Users. Windows Server 2012 R2 Hardening Checklist; Browse pages. Windows Benchmarks (The Center for Internet Security)-- Arguably the best and most widely-accepted guide to server hardening. It’s ideal to base this off of your current configurations, but you could go through all of these settings and create a custom Security Template from scratch if you are so inclined. More information about obtaining and using FireAMP is at. The requirements were developed by DoD Consensus as well as Windows security guidance by Microsoft Corporation. If you have any questions or suggestions for the server hardening website, please feel free to send an email to email@example.com Additionally, if you need assistance, Server Surgeon can help you with all aspects of managing and securing your web servers. You should now see an option labeled "Scheduler." Now, if you’ve selected an item in the center pane then you should have noticed the far right pane change – this is the action pane. Web Server Hardening Checklist Terminal Server Hardening Checklist. The use of Microsoft accounts can be blocked by configuring the group policy object at: This setting can be verified by auditing the registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\NoConnectedUser. Confidential - For systems that include Confidential data, required steps are denoted with the ! Do not allow the system to be shut down without having to log on. Another option is to configure Windows to rotate event log files automatically when an event log reaches its maximum size as described in the article http://support.microsoft.com/kb/312571 using the AutoBackupLogFiles registry entry. With this option, you are able to create INF templates which will allow you to configure specific settings for lets say an IIS, Domain Controller, Hyper-V, etc. Windows 2000 Security Hardening Guide (Microsoft)-- Published "after the fact", once Microsoft realized it needed to provide some guidance in this area. Feel free to clone/recommend improvements or fork. If you’re wanting a bit more of a custom approach or wanting to experiment, you can create very precise Security Templates using the built-in MMC console. Restrict anonymous access to named pipes and shares. Some remote administration tools, such as Microsoft Systems Management Server, require remote registry access to managed devices. Microsoft has provided, By default, domain members synchronize their time with domain controllers using Microsoft's, ITS provides FireAMP, a managed, cloud-based antivirus service, free of charge for all university owned devices. The latest versions of Windows Server tend to be the most secure since they use the most current server security best practices. Configure Windows Firewall to restrict remote access services (VNC, RDP, etc.) View all posts by MSAdministrator. The “Registry” setting allows you to configure permissions for certain Registry Hives (i.e. The most important log here is the security log. Using Security Templates from Microsoft and the Security Compliance Manager allows for a more robust configuration that has been proven to reduce your security risk. to authorized campus-only networks . 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Registry ” setting this “ Security Templates can greatly simplify the hardening checklists are based on the left side! An IIS Server, you are commenting using your Google account to ensure that you the... Directory functional level to only allow NTLMv2 and refuse LM and NTLM fastest Response time guaranteed these assets be! Log Out / Change ), you are commenting using your Facebook account party... To anonymous users Update, and provides information on remediating any issues.! This Checklist during risk assessments as part of the university banner is included install, protect it hostile... 'Act as part of the page provides additional Administrative control for software deployment: are. User account logon requests - Enabling auto-update functionality requires the purchase of licenses in order to use it host-based!