a person aged between 10 and 17 who has committed a criminal offence. an agreement by which the seller remains the owner of the goods until all the instalments have been paid and all other conditions have been met. Twitter. when someone threatens another person with physical harm. a meeting of the members of a company to make decisions about the company. Their decisions act as precedents for the lower courts to follow. killing someone illegally but by accident. damaging someone's rights or entitlements. (This term is Latin.). making a statement, either orally or in writing, which damages someone's reputation. (They may still have to pay compensation though.). It does not deal with criminal cases. An allotment of shares in a company gives the owner (of the allotment) an unconditional right to buy the shares at a fixed price. in proportion. This is called directing the jury. to seize someone, usually because they are suspected of committing a crime, and take them into custody. a company whose members only have to pay the amount they have agreed to contribute, if the company has to be wound up. If a person is capable of dealing with their own affairs at present they can make either or both types of LPA. Here is a list of 15 commonly used phrases in the English language. When a person dies the executors fill in various forms for the Probate Registry. If the criminal reoffends the court may impose a punishment for the original offence as well as the later ones. A disclaimer can also be a notice to limit responsibility. the type of mortgage where the purchaser owns the property which is security for the mortgage. details about the past of a defendant or a person found guilty of a crime. a document recording the goods a ship carries and the terms the goods are carried under. See more ideas about law school, law school graduation gift, law school graduation. (This term is Latin.). swapping identical contracts. the date when value added tax arises on goods or services supplied (or made available) to a customer. the killing of a mother by her son or daughter. treating someone less favourably because of their race, colour, nationality or culture. When property is sold the buyer should be able to use the property free from interference by the seller. the most senior court covering the centre of London. a solicitor or barrister who helps in court by advising the magistrates. ~ Hugo Black, Supreme Court Justice, "The Press was protected so that it could bare the secrets of the government and inform the people. from the start of something. It is also an extra charge banks make if customers do not keep to the agreements they made with the bank. taking control of a piece of land which belongs to someone else. the judge's summary of a case. Law Quotes, Famous Law Quotes, Quotations, Sayings about Justice. Heroes1 18/11/2018. a payment made by a professional person, such as a solicitor or accountant, on behalf of a client. an offence that can only be tried by magistrates. a summons to appear in court to disclose (reveal) income and assets under oath because a judgement debtor has failed to pay the judgement debt. An example is when a bank's customer writes instructions on the mandate for the bank to follow when operating the customer's account. an act done openly and from which the criminal intention of the act is clear. 4. the domicile a newborn child has. An EPA made before this date is still legal and can still be registered with the Office of the Public Guardian. Each county in the UK has a sheriff. evidence given in court of something said to the witness by another person. a contract under which materials and services are provided by a contractor. punishing someone for a crime by killing them. Stockbrokers produce sold notes for their clients. a defence sometimes used for someone charged with murder, that they suffered lowered powers of reasoning and judgement because of their unusual state of mind. The local authority takes on the responsibility for the children as if it was a parent. the name for tangible goods (goods which can be touched) such as watches, clothes, furniture and so on. In a civil case the defendant may offer a defence to the claim, or even make a counterclaim. a court order that two married people should live apart. a person who continues to commit the same offence. In the UK it is 16. a more serious type of assault such as one leading to actual bodily harm. Brian Thornton-June 9, 2017. the person who gives legal advice to the Treasury. someone who encourages or helps another person to commit a crime. Cyclists can use it as well but must give way to pedestrians and horses. ~ Drop Dead Diva, TV Series (2009 - 2015), "If the law against you, bang on the facts. If they do not do as the court wishes they may have to pay a sum of money. The courts may order a person who has failed to fulfil an obligation under a contract to complete it. a warning of something which is about to happen. But the Court must also recognize the limits on itself and respect the choices made by the American people." When an employee has been dismissed it is the employer's responsibility to prove that the dismissal was fair. an act which, if carried out by a person with debts, could have led to bankruptcy proceedings against that person. a lie told to persuade someone to enter into a contract. The money is claimed back by including it on the bill for professional services which is sent to the client. The agreement or contract may collapse if a condition is broken. an order made by a county court when a person or a company cannot pay their debts. If a building is in danger of being altered or demolished, but the local planning authority thinks it should be preserved, the authority can issue a notice that the building is listed. the invoice the solicitor sends to a client giving details of any disbursements the solicitor has paid on behalf of the client, the fee the solicitor is charging and any expenses. a contract to sell any property or investment in land that a person owns. the country where your permanent home is, even if you are living somewhere else for now. the person who brings legal proceedings, on behalf of the Crown, against the accused. Laws are spider webs through which the big flies pass and the little ones get caught. an order given by the monarch (King or Queen) after taking advice from the members of the Privy Council. a change to the original terms of a contract, such as an insurance policy. ~ Roman Law, c. 500 B.C. of the utmost good faith. a government department responsible for administering (managing) value added tax, customs duties and excise duties. Check out our famous legal quotes selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. The shareholders can sell the rights if they do not wish to use them. The insurance company pays out if the policyholder dies. All rights reserved. reducing the payments to creditors in proportion, if there is not enough money to pay them in full; or reducing the bequests in a will, in proportion, when there is not enough money to pay them in full. importing or exporting goods illegally to avoid a ban on them or to avoid the duties on them. This will be forfeited (won't be repaid) if the binding over terms are broken. the lowest court. This is known as an alternative verdict. the right to use land for a period of time. a written or spoken lie told to harm somebody and which does do harm. ~ German proverb, "A good lawyer knows the law; a clever one takes the judge to lunch." Examples are buying shares, patent rights and properties. A practical example of bailment is that someone who hires a television has possession of it, but the rental company still owns the television. For example, a guarantee is sometimes required by a bank before it will lend money to a customer. In the case of a cheque, this is the bank that the cheque is drawn on. ~ Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Supreme Court Justice, "Common sense often makes a good law." treasure found in a hiding place and whose owner cannot be traced. It means all of the laws of the United States." when a court case has no date fixed for it to continue. fighting unlawfully. a document showing details of a purchase by someone for a third party. the person who borrows the money to buy a property. for a particular purpose. If there is no will, the courts will appoint someone called the administrator. land which is not recorded in the registers at HM Land Registry. when a solicitor accepts a writ on behalf of a client. the only owner of property such as equipment, buildings, land or vehicles. prevents a party to a contract unfairly limiting their liability. describes people who have the same mother but different fathers. This is to find out if there is any adverse information about the property or the surrounding area. 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